Stachys coccinea – Scarlet Hedgenettle

Stachys coccinea - Scarlet Hedgenettle, Scarlet Hedge Nettle, Texas Betony, Scarlet Sage

Stachys coccinea - Scarlet Hedgenettle, Scarlet Hedge Nettle, Texas Betony, Scarlet Sage

Plant Name

Scientific Name: Stachys coccinea

Common Names: Scarlet Hedgenettle, Scarlet Hedge Nettle, Texas Betony, Scarlet Sage

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial

Growth Habit: Herb/Forb

Arizona Native Status: Native

Habitat: Riparian. This attractive wildflower is found in moist canyons in the desert, uplands, and mountains.

Flower Color: Red

Flowering Season: Spring, Summer, Fall

Height: To 3 feet (91 cm) tall

Description: The flowers are in multiple whorls near the stem tips. The individual flowers are tubular, 1 1/4 inches (3.2 cm) long, and 2-lipped with a single-lobed upper lip and a larger tri-lobed lower lip. The leaves have toothed or scalloped margins and are green, opposite, deeply veined, and triangular-ovate in shape. The leaves may resemble those of a Nettle (Urtica spp.), but they are not stinging. The stems are green and square in cross section.

Special Characteristics

Hummingbird Flower – The flowers attract hummingbirds.

Classification

Kingdom: Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae – Mint family
Genus: Stachys L. – hedgenettle
Species: Stachys coccinea Ortega – scarlet hedgenettle

More About This Plant

Arizona County Distribution Map