Vauquelinia californica – Arizona Rosewood

Vauquelinia californica - Arizona Rosewood

Vauquelinia californica - Arizona Rosewood

Plant Name

Scientific Name: Vauquelinia californica

Common Name: Arizona Rosewood

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial, Evergreen

Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

Arizona Native Status: Native

Habitat: Desert (upper elevation), Upland. It grows in desert-upland transition zones and in chaparral and oak-juniper areas.

Flower Color: Creamy white

Flowering Season: Spring (late), Summer (early). This plant blooms in May and June.

Height: To 25 feet (7.6 m) tall, but usually much less here

Description: The flowers are in large, flat-topped clusters at the branch tips. The individual flowers are up to 1/4 inch (6.4 mm) wide and have 5 rounded petals. The leaves have serrate edges and a paler midvein and are dark green, leathery, and lanceolate in shape. The young stems are reddish brown and the older bark is gray.

Special Characteristics

Legal StatusProtected Native Plant (The subspecies Vauquelinia californica ssp. pauciflora is Salvage Restricted)


Kingdom: Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae – Rose family
Genus: Vauquelinia CorrĂȘa ex Bonpl. – rosewood
Species: Vauquelinia californica (Torr.) Sarg. – Arizona rosewood

More About This Plant

Arizona County Distribution Map