Verbesina encelioides – Golden Crownbeard

Verbesina encelioides - Golden Crownbeard, Cowpen Daisy

Verbesina encelioides - Golden Crownbeard, Cowpen Daisy

Plant Name

Scientific Name: Verbesina encelioides

Common Names: Golden Crownbeard, Cowpen Daisy

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual

Growth Habit: Herb/Forb

Arizona Native Status: Native

Habitat: Desert, Upland, Riparian. This somewhat weedy wildflower is often found growing in pastures and other sunny locations where it can get a little extra water.

Flower Color: Yellow

Flowering Season: Spring, Summer, Fall

Height: To 40 inches (1 m) tall

Description: The flower heads are up to 2 inches (5 cm) across and have yellow disks and broad, 3-toothed, yellow rays. The leaves have toothed margins and are silvery green in color. The leaves vary in shape and arrangement on the plant and are typically narrowly triangular and opposite lower on the plant and lanceolate and alternate higher on the plant.

Special Characteristics

Poisonous – The plants contain galegine and are poisonous to grazing animals like sheep and goats.


Kingdom: Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Genus: Verbesina L. – crownbeard
Species: Verbesina encelioides (Cav.) Benth. & Hook. f. ex A. Gray – golden crownbeard

More About This Plant

Arizona County Distribution Map