All posts by T. Beth Kinsey

Acourtia wrightii – Brownfoot

Acourtia wrightii - Brownfoot, Perezia

Acourtia wrightii - Brownfoot, Perezia

Plant Name

Scientific Name: Acourtia wrightii

Synonym: Perezia wrightii

Common Names: Brownfoot, Perezia

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial

Growth Habit: Herb/Forb

Arizona Native Status: Native

Habitat: Desert, Upland

Flower Color: Bright pink to purple-pink

Flowering Season: Spring

Height: To 3 feet (91 cm) tall

Description: There are 8 to 12 florets in each 3/4 inch (1.9 cm) wide flower head. The flowers are in terminal clusters and are followed by fluffy seed heads with cream-colored bristles. The dark green leaves clasp the stems and are simple, sessile, alternate, and oval to oblong in shape with rippled, spine-toothed margins. There are brown hairs at the foot of the stems. The similar Acourtia thurberi has only 3 to 6 florets in each flower head.

Special Characteristics

Butterfly Plant – The flowers attract butterflies and bees.

Fragrant – The flowers have a floral honey scent.

Classification

Kingdom: Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Genus: Acourtia D. Don – desertpeony
Species: Acourtia wrightii (A. Gray) Reveal & King – brownfoot

More About This Plant

Arizona County Distribution Map

Acourtia nana – Dwarf Desertpeony

Acourtia nana - Dwarf Desertpeony, Dwarf Desert Peony, Desert Holly

Acourtia nana - Dwarf Desertpeony, Dwarf Desert Peony, Desert Holly

Plant Name

Scientific Name: Acourtia nana

Synonym: Perezia nana

Common Names: Dwarf Desertpeony, Dwarf Desert Peony, Desert Holly

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial

Growth Habit: Herb/Forb

Arizona Native Status: Native

Habitat: Desert, Upland

Flower Color: Pale pink

Flowering Season: Spring

Height: To 8 inches (20 cm) tall, but usually less

Description: There are 15 to 25 flowers per flower head. The flower heads are 1 inch (2.5 cm) across and are borne singly. The flowers are followed by fluffy seed heads with numerous pale tan-colored bristles. The leaves clasp the stems and are simple, dull green, stiff, leathery, and holly-like in appearance with rippled, spine-toothed margins.

Special Characteristics

Fragrant – The flowers have a sweet, violet-like fragrance.

Classification

Kingdom: Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Genus: Acourtia D. Don – desertpeony
Species: Acourtia nana (A. Gray) Reveal & King – dwarf desertpeony

More About This Plant

Arizona County Distribution Map

Acacia greggii – Catclaw Acacia

Acacia greggii - Catclaw Acacia (flowers)

Acacia greggii - Catclaw Acacia

Plant Name

Scientific Name: Acacia greggii

Common Name: Catclaw Acacia

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial, Deciduous

Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

Arizona Native Status: Native

Habitat: Desert, Upland, Riparian

Flower Color: Pale yellow, Cream

Flowering Season: Spring, Summer, Fall

Height: Up to 23 feet (7 m) tall, but usually less

Description: The flowers are densely clustered on cylindrical flower spikes. The flowers are followed by up to 6 inch (15 cm) long, flat, curled, green seedpods that dry to a dark brown color. The leaves are green, alternate, and bipinnately compound with oval leaflets. The branches have wickedly sharp, curved, cat claw-like thorns that can easily scratch skin and snag clothing. Close encounters with this plant can leave you looking like you were in a cat fight.

Special Characteristics

Butterfly Plant – The flowers attract butterflies and numerous other insects, especially bees.

Fragrant – The flowers are sweetly and intensely fragrant with a wonderful floral honey-like scent. Plants in full bloom can be smelled from 10 feet (3 m) or more away.

Classification

Kingdom: Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
Genus: Acacia Mill. – acacia
Species: Acacia greggii A. Gray – catclaw acacia

More About This Plant

Arizona County Distribution Map

Acacia constricta – Whitethorn Acacia

Flower and leaf of an Acacia constricta - Whitethorn Acacia, White-thorn Acacia

White thorns on an Acacia constricta - Whitethorn Acacia, White-thorn Acacia

Seedpods on an Acacia constricta - Whitethorn Acacia, White-thorn Acacia

Plant Name

Scientific Name: Acacia constricta

Common Names: Whitethorn Acacia, White-thorn Acacia

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial, Deciduous

Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

Arizona Native Status: Native

Habitat: Desert, Upland

Flower Color: Yellow, fading to yellow-orange

Flowering Season: Summer

Height: To 10 feet (3 m) tall or more

Description: The flowers are clustered in fuzzy, 1/2 inch (1.3 cm) diameter balls. The flowers are followed by long, narrow, green to red-tinged seedpods that dry to a brown color. The leaves are bipinnately compound with tiny, green, oval leaflets. Some of the branches have distinctive, straight, white, up to 2 inch (5 cm) long thorns at the leaf axils.

Special Characteristics

Fragrant – The flowers are sweetly and intensely fragrant.

Classification

Kingdom: Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
Genus: Acacia Mill. – acacia
Species: Acacia constricta Benth. – whitethorn acacia

More About This Plant

Arizona County Distribution Map

Acacia angustissima – Prairie Acacia

Acacia angustissima - Prairie Acacia, White-ball Acacia

Acacia angustissima - Prairie Acacia, White-ball Acacia

Acacia angustissima - Prairie Acacia, White-ball Acacia

Plant Name

Scientific Name: Acacia angustissima

Common Names: Prairie Acacia, White-ball Acacia

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial, Deciduous

Growth Habit: Subshrub, Herb/Forb

Arizona Native Status: Native

Habitat: Upland

Flower Color: White, Greenish cream, Pinkish

Flowering Season: Spring, Summer

Height: To 3 feet (91 cm) tall or more

Description: The flowers are clustered into 1/2 inch (1.3 cm) wide, fuzzy balls of stamens and will open white and age to a pinkish color. The flowers are followed by flat, elongated, brown seedpods. The leaves are green and bipinnate with tiny leaflets. The stems are hairy, reddish, and spineless. The larger stems are ridged and grooved, unlike the similar, but taller and smooth-stemmed Lysiloma watsonii.

Special Characteristics

Butterfly Plant – The flowers attract butterflies and other insects like bees.

Classification

Kingdom: Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
Genus: Acacia Mill. – acacia
Species: Acacia angustissima (Mill.) Kuntze – prairie acacia

More About This Plant

Arizona County Distribution Map

Abutilon incanum – Pelotazo

Abutilon incanum - Pelotazo, Hoary Abutilon (white flower)

Abutilon incanum - Pelotazo, Hoary Abutilon (pink flower)

Abutilon incanum - Pelotazo, Hoary Abutilon (yellow flower)

Abutilon incanum - Pelotazo, Hoary Abutilon (fruit)

Abutilon incanum - Pelotazo, Hoary Abutilon (pink flower and leaves)

Plant Name

Scientific Name: Abutilon incanum

Common Names: Pelotazo, Hoary Abutilon

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial

Growth Habit: Subshrub, Herb/Forb

Arizona Native Status: Native

Habitat: Desert

Flower Color: Pink, White, Yellow

Flowering Season: Spring, Summer, Fall

Height: To 40 inches (1 m) tall

Description: The 3/4 inch (1.9 cm) wide flowers have a central column of stamens and 5, red-veined petals, each with a dark red basal spot. The flowers are followed by fuzzy green, drying to brown seed capsules with 5 mericarps. The leaves are elongated heart-shaped with toothed margins and a petiole half of the length of the leaf blade. The leaves and stems are densely covered in short, silvery velvet hair.

Classification

Kingdom: Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass: Dilleniidae
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae – Mallow family
Genus: Abutilon Mill. – Indian mallow
Species: Abutilon incanum (Link) Sweet – pelotazo

More About This Plant

Arizona County Distribution Map